With every Lightroom update, the overall power of the application increases. This could not be more evident than with the release of their newest tool, Range Masks. The need to create masks in order to create highly refined selections has always been one of the main reasons I had to move an image from Lightroom over to Photoshop to finish an edit. Also, the need to create highly-selective masks targeting very specific components of an image has almost become a standard practice with every image that I edit. When you make global adjustments, you might be effectively correcting one area of your scene, but at the same time you could be negatively impacting another.
This is where having the ability to create a highly-targeted selection to a specific area of your photo is critical. The ability to do all of this under the proverbial hood that is Lightroom is huge! In my opinion, the less I have to bounce an image from one editing software to another the better. So, the more I can accomplish in Lightroom the better.
Focused Local Adjustments
As we mentioned earlier, making global adjustments to an entire image is fine in some situations, but you often need to make refined local adjustments. For instance, you may want to increase the shadows in one specific area of your foreground, but keep the shadow levels unchanged across the remainder of your image. This is where the Lightroom Range Masks tool comes in super handy. With the luminance or color range mask, depending on the scene, you can make a highly-refined selection only targeting the foreground of your scene while leaving the remainder of your image untouched.
Range Masks are a great way to bring out the details and colors in every part of your landscape image while also selectively balancing light and exposure to create natural looking photos.
Balancing Light and Colors
At the end of the day, who doesn’t like options? Adobe was kind enough to provide two different options… a luminance range mask and a color range mask. The luminance range mask utilizes light and tonal separation to create a targeted mask. The color range mask allows you to select multiple color samples to identify the area to apply the mask. Both options are powerful in there own right and incredibly simple to use with just minimal practice. There are certain situations that require the luminance range mask to be effective, other situations where the color range mask would work better, and some situations where either would prove effective.
If you’ve used Lightroom, you’re likely already familiar with the different ways to apply the range mask tools. Adobe made the standard local adjustment tools (graduated filter, radial filter, adjustment brush), the method to apply the range mask to your images. It’s nice not having to learn a new application approach. Both the Luminance Range Mask and the Color Range Mask can be applied using any of the above mentioned local adjustment tools.
When to Use It
Much like everything in the world of photo editing, knowing when to apply an adjustment tool to an image is almost as powerful as the tool itself. There are situations when the color range mask performs better than the luminance range mask and there are times when the luminance range mask outperforms the color range mask. Sometimes nether works effectively. Situations when neither mask works are few and far between, but it does happen from time to time. Understanding how to identify these situations is key to becoming a range mask ninja.
Range Masks may seem like a highly technical and overwhelming post-processing tool. But once you try it you’ll quickly become comfortable with the process and I’m sure you’ll be impressed with the results!
To learn more about range masks check out Range Mask in Lightroom Tutorial on Visual Wilderness.