What is Negative Space?
First of all, let’s clarify the definition of negative space. This refers to the area around your subject. For example, in the photograph below, the gecko is the subject and the area around the gecko is the negative space.
As photographers, we are trained to pay the utmost attention to our subject. But we sometimes forget to take into account the negative space when we’re shooting.
To further complicate things, sometimes our subject is a moving target… like this gecko. Because the subject is moving, the negative space also changes every so often. This makes it especially difficult to pay attention to the negative space AND correctly frame the subject.
The first photo below is my initial attempt. This first attempt is plagued with a cluttered background of leaves and stems. With a photograph like this, you may be able to crop and dodge or crop and clone to get rid of the distractions in the negative space (such as in the second photo); but even with these techniques, distracting elements sometimes remain.
The best thing to do? Take multiple shots… such as the next two shots. First, the gecko started moving and ended up on the tip of the leaf. The texture and the colors of the leaf were so intense that they competed with the colors and textures of the gecko and the subject lost its appeal.
Although the tree in the following photo has a uniform background, the gecko wasn’t positioned correctly. When I tried to move the camera to make the tree more of a straight background, the gecko would move… they’re very skittish that way.
Finally I ended up finding the right gecko/subject and the right negative space. The following are some tips on how to pay attention and minimize distractions caused by negative space:
Use a narrow depth of field.
In the photo below, the negative space is completely blurred out. This allows the gecko to truly stand out as the subject.
Use a uniform background
In this final photo, the background isn’t blurred at all. You can clearly see its details. But, even with the same color and texture, the gecko stands out. The size of the gecko is different than the size of the leaf’s texture which allows the gecko to not get lost in its background.
Both of these techniques help to minimize the distractions caused by negative space. What other techniques do you use to control your negative space? Please feel free to leave comments below.